VA Panel Monitors: The Ultimate Guide (2023)

Visual display technology (VA) has rapidly evolved over the past few decades, providing many options.

One such advanced technology that stands out is the Vertical Alignment or VA panel.

In this guide, we will delve into the world of VA panel monitors, uncovering what they are, their benefits, and how they compare to panel technologies.

VA Panel Monitors: The Ultimate Guide (2023)

What Are VA Panel Monitors?

VA panels, short for Vertical Alignment panels, display technology in LCD screens.

They provide a middle ground between the two other major types of display panels:

  1. Twisted Nematic – TN Panel
  2. In-Plane Switching – IPS Panel

VA panels offer better colour reproduction, wider viewing angles than TN panels, and superior contrast ratios compared to IPS panels.

How Do VA Panel Monitors Work?

VA panel monitors work by aligning liquid crystals vertically to the glass substrates when no voltage is applied.

When voltage is applied, the crystals tilt, allowing light to pass through.

The degree to which they tilt determines how much light passes, controlling the image’s brightness and colour.

This mechanism offers VA panels deep black levels and high contrast ratios.

The Advantages of VA Panel Monitors

1. High Contrast Ratio

The unique vertical alignment of the liquid crystals enables VA panels to block light from the backlight effectively when it’s not wanted.

This results in deeper blacks and a higher contrast ratio, making VA panels ideal for users who enjoy multimedia content or play video games with dark scenes.

2. Excellent Color Reproduction

While IPS panels may have a slight edge in colour accuracy, VA panels are not far behind.

They offer excellent colour reproduction, which enhances your viewing experience whether you’re working, gaming, or enjoying multimedia content.

3. Wide Viewing Angles

VA panels offer wider viewing angles than TN panels, reducing colour shifts when you view the display from an angle.

However, they still don’t match the nearly 180-degree viewing angles IPS panels provide.

Limitations of VA Panel Monitors

While VA Panel monitors are an excellent choice for many users, it’s crucial to understand the limitations that come with this technology:

1. Slower Response Times

Compared to TN panels, VA panels have slower response times, meaning they take longer to change the pixels’ colour.

This can lead to ‘ghosting,’ where fast-moving objects on the screen appear blurry or leave behind a faint trail.

2. Limited Viewing Angles

Though the viewing angles on VA panels are better than those on TN panels, they don’t quite match up to IPS panels.

When viewed from extreme angles, VA panels can show a shift in colour and contrast.

3. Color Reproduction

While VA panels generally offer excellent colour reproduction, they may not be as accurate as IPS panels.

IPS panels are often preferred for professional use where colour accuracy is essential, such as graphic design or video editing.

Comparison with Other Panel Types

To better understand where VA panels fit in the display technology spectrum, let’s compare them to the other popular types of panels, TN and IPS:

1. VA vs. TN Panels

  • Contrast and Color: VA panels have superior contrast ratios and colour reproduction compared to TN panels. This makes them a better choice for media consumption and gaming.
  • Viewing Angles: TN panels have narrow viewing angles, leading to colour and contrast shifts when not viewed directly. VA panels offer much better viewing angles in comparison.
  • Response Time: TN panels have faster response times, making them more suitable for fast-paced gaming.

2. VA vs. IPS Panels

  • Contrast and Color: While both offer good colour reproduction, IPS panels have a slight edge over VA panels regarding colour accuracy. However, VA panels provide better contrast ratios, meaning they can display deeper blacks.
  • Viewing Angles: IPS panels offer nearly 180-degree viewing angles, making them superior to VA panels in this respect.
  • Response Time: IPS and VA panels have similar response times, but recent advancements in IPS technology have led to models with considerably improved response times.

The choice between VA, TN, and IPS panels depends heavily on your needs, preferences, and budget.

Each type has strengths and weaknesses, making them more suited to certain uses and users.


Ques 1. Are VA panel monitors good for gaming?

Ans: Yes, VA panel monitors are suitable for gaming, especially games with dark scenes, due to their high contrast ratios.

However, a TN panel might be better if you’re into competitive gaming, where fast response times are critical.

Ques 2. How do VA panels compare to IPS panels?

Ans: VA panels offer better contrast ratios than IPS panels, providing deeper blacks.

However, IPS panels have better colour accuracy and wider viewing angles.

The choice between VA and IPS largely depends on your specific needs.

Ques 3. Can VA panel monitors be used for professional graphic design?

Ans: While VA panels offer excellent colour reproduction, graphic design or video editing professionals might prefer IPS panels due to their superior colour accuracy.

Ques 4. What is ‘ghosting’ in monitors?

Ans: Monitor Ghosting refers to the trailing effect seen when moving objects on the screen leave behind a ‘ghost’ image.

This can occur in VA panels due to their slower response times.

Ques 5. Which brands offer VA panel monitors?

Ans: Many popular brands like Samsung, BenQ, and MSI offer monitors with VA panels.


VA panel monitors are a fantastic choice for those seeking a balance between TN and IPS panel technologies.

Their high contrast ratio, excellent colour reproduction, and decent viewing angles provide a well-rounded viewing experience suitable for both work and play.

For further understanding, you can refer to these resources:

  1. How Monitors Work – HowStuffWorks
  2. LCD Monitor Panels Types – Tom’s Hardware
  3. VA vs IPS vs TN – GamingScan
  4. What is Monitor Ghosting – ViewSonic
Share your love
Manvendra Singh
Manvendra Singh

Hi, I am John Williams. Editor-in-chief of the website Here I write about PC technology & Guides.